Ancient Indian Surgery
(Based on Nidana-Sthana of Susruta Samhita)
By Dr.G.D. Singhal, Dr.L.M. Singh and Dr.K.P. Singh
Published by Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 1972
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Nidānasthāna (निदानस्थान).—Second book of the Purva-tantra (part of the Sushruta Samhita, an ayurvedic text). It is dedicated to aetiology, the signs and symptoms of important surgical diseases and those ailments which have a bearing on surgery.
1) Nidānasthāna (निदानस्थान) refers to the second of the eight sections of the Carakasaṃhitā which enjoys a prime position among Ayurvedic treatises and is written in the form of advices of the sage Ātreya to the sage Agniveśa. The Carakasaṃhitā contains eight sections [viz., nidānasthāna]. Sūtrasthāna contains 30 chapters.
2) Nidānasthāna (निदानस्थान) refers to one of the six sections of the Suśrutasaṃhitā, an important Ayurvedic treatise. The discourses of the teacher Divodasa are believed to be summarised by his disciple Suśruta, who wrote the work Suśrutasaṃhitā in 4th century CE. Suśrutasaṃhitā contains six sections [viz., nidānasthāna].
3) Nidānasthāna (निदानस्थान) also refers to one of the five sections of the 5th century Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya by Vāgbhaṭa. Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya is divided into two—pūrvatantra and uttaratantra. In the pūrvatantra there are five divisions which go by the names sūtrasthāna, nidānasthāna, śarīrasthāna, cikitsāsthāna and kalpasthāna.
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