The Santoshi Mata vrata is to be observed on 16 successive Fridays or till one's wish is fulfilled. The devotee should perform a puja (worship) of Santoshi Mata and offer her flowers, incense and a bowl of raw sugar and roasted chickpeas (gur-chana). The devotee should have only one meal during the day and not eat or serve bitter or sour food to others. When one's wish is granted, one should organize a udyapan ("bringing to conclusion") ceremony, where eight boys should be served a festive meal
Lord Shani Dev ji ke 108 Naam
1. Om shanaescaraya namah
2. Om shantaya namah
3. Om sarvabhistapradayine namah
4. Om sharanyaya namah
5. Om vagenyaya namah
6. Om sarveshaya namah
7. Om saumyaya namah
8. Om suramvandhaya namah
9. Om suralokaviharine namah
10. Om sukhasonapavishtaya namah
11. Om sundaraya namah
12. Om ghanaya namah
13. Om ghanarupaya namah
14. Om ghanabharanadharine namah
15. Om ghanasaravilepaya namah
16. Om khadyotaya namah
17. Om mandaya namah
18. Om mandaceshtaya namah
19. Om mahaniyagunaatmane namah
20. Om martyapavanapadaya namah
21. Om maheshaya namah
22. Om dhayaputraya namah
23. Om sharvaya namah
24. Om shatatuniradharine namah
25. Om carasthirasvabhavaya namah
26. Om acamcalaya namah
27. Om nilavarnaya namah
28. Om nityaya namah
29. Om nilanjananibhaya namah
30. Om nilambaravibhushaya namah
31. Om nishcalaya namah
32. Om vedyaya namah
33. Om vidhirupaya namah
34. Om virodhadharabhumaye namah
35. Om bhedaspadasvabhavaya namah
36. Om vajradehaya namah
37. Om vairagyadaya namah
38. Om viraya namah
39. Om vitarogabhayaya namah
40. Om vipatparampareshaya namah
41. Om vishvavandyaya namah
42. Om gridhnavahaya namah
43. Om gudhaya namah
44. Om kurmangaya namah
45. Om kurupine namah
46. Om kutsitaya namah
47. Om gunadhyaya namah
48. Om gocaraya namah
49. Om avidhyamulanashaya namah
50. Om vidhyaavidhyasvarupine namah
51. Om ayushyakaranaya namah
52. Om apaduddhartre namah
53. Om vishnubhaktaya namah
54. Om vishine namah
55. Om vividhagamavedine namah
56. Om vidhistutyaya namah
57. Om vandhyaya namah
25. Om virupaakshaya namah
59. Om varishthaya namah
60. Om garishthaya namah
61. Om vajramkushagharaya namah
62. Om varada bhayahastaya namah
63. Om vamanaya namah
64. Om jyeshthapatnisametaya namah
65. Om shreshthaya namah
66. Om mitabhashine namah
67. Om kashtaughanashakartre namah
68. Om pushtidaya namah
69. Om stutyaya namah
70. Om stotragamyaya namah
71. Om bhaktivashyaya namah
72. Om bhanave namah
73. Om bhanuputraya namah
74. Om bhavyaya namah
75. Om pavanaya namah
76. Om dhanurmandalasamsthaya namah
77. Om dhanadaya namah
78. Om dhanushmate namah
79. Om tanuprakashadehaya namah
80. Om tamasaya namah
81. Om asheshajanavandyaya namah
82. Om visheshaphaladayine namah
83. Om vashikritajaneshaya namah
84. Om pashunam pataye namah
85. Om khecaraya namah
86. Om khageshaya namah
87. Om ghananilambaraya namah
88. Om kathinyamanasaya namah
89. Om aryaganastutyaya namah
90. Om nilacchatraya namah
91. Om nityaya namah
92. Om nirgunaya namah
93. Om gunatmane namah
94. Om niramayaya namah
95. Om nandyaya namah
96. Om vandaniyaya namah
97. Om dhiraya namah
98. Om divyadehaya namah
99. Om dinartiharanaya namah
100. Om aryajanaganyaya namah
101. Om aryajanaganyaya namah
102. Om kruraya namah
103. Om kruraceshtaya namah
104. Om kamakrodhakaraya namah
105. Om kalatraputrashatrutvakaranaya namah
106. Om pariposhitabhaktaya namah
107. Om parabhitiharaya namah
108. Om bhaktasanghamanobhishtaphaladaya namah
Makar Sanskranti has nothing to do with the Winter Solstice, it never has.. Nothing.. it is when the Sun enters Capricorn (period) & is related to the Sangam in Allahabad... this is why it is important to have a Guru who is versed in India and Indian s
Makar Sanskranti is when the Sun (Surya) enters Capricorn (Makar) It has nothing to do with the winter solstice Dec 21 it is not a mistake.
Makra Sanskranti ganita is calculated from Surya Kala, when the Sun is in Capricon Period.. there is a reason for this and it has to do with the sangam in Allahabad, do you think they hold the Kumbha Mela by accident at this time of the year, there is always a reason, a scientific reason for this....
Makar Sanskranti has nothing to do with the Winter Solstice.. and Indian Astrology is not an off shoot of tropical western astrology.. One needs a Guru in Jyotisha it is not something learned from books and boxed in a western mind of one word translation from ancient sanskrit in where one word equals a universe of teachings. Look at the scale of the earth to the sun.. it is not comparable. There are many levels and layers not even understood here in the west.. do not take any book translation as literal.
Makara Sanskranti is calculated from Surya, when Surya specifically enters Capricorn 'Period'. not when the sun is in Sagitarius or how we would like to fit the Indian ways into a box to fit our western brain. There is not mistake and herein lies the problem of trying to compare apples to turnips.. Do not get your information from Wikipedia when it comes to learning Jyotisha.
Salutation to Lord Surya, The Sun God; the giver of light, energy and self-vitalization. Surya Namashkar is always performed in the open air at sunrise. One prostrates towards the direction of appearance of the Sun chanting hymns of praise of the Sun. This is to request Surya to bestow blessings on us. ‘Argyam’ is water offering for Surya during daily ritual of ‘sandyavadanam.’ Each of the following mantras relate to a particular yogasana posture.
SURYA NAMASHKAR MANTRAS
1. Aum Mitraya Namah
2. Aum Ravayre Namah
3. Aum Suryaya Namah
4. Aum Bhanave Namah
5. Aum Khagaya Namah
6. Aum Pushne Namah
7. Aum Hiranyagarbhaya Namah
8. Aum Marichaye Namah
9. Aum Adityaya Namah
10. Aum Savitre Namah
11. Aum Arkaya Namah
12. Aum Bhaskaraya Namah
13. Om Sri Savitra Soorya Narayanaaya Namah
The supreme Gayathri mantra is a prayer to the "giver of light and life" - the sun (savitur). One should chant the Gayatri everyday, morning, afternoon and evening. These are referred to as Praathah Sandhya, Maadhyahna Sandhya and Saayam Sandhya. When you show your back to the sun, your shadow will be ahead of you. It will fall behind you only when you stand facing the sun. Similarly, Maya or illusion, which is like your shadow, will overtake you when you turn your mind away from God. It can be overcome only when you turn your mind towards God.
Om Bhur Bhuva Suvah
Tat Savithur Varenyam
Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi
Dhiyo Yonah Prachodayat
Meaning: Oh God! Thou art the Giver of Life, Remover of pain and sorrow, The Bestower of happiness, Oh! Creator of the Universe, May we receive thy supreme sin-destroying light, May Thou guide our intellect in the right direction. May you have a pleasant day ahead. Be kind and loving. Om —
by Yogi Ananda Saraswathi
LAKSHMI SADHANA AND ASTROLOGY. From an astrological point of view, Dhana Yoga or Laxmi Yoga are said to decide your financial and social standing. This yoga provides a person with wealth and fame. Lakshmi, which is considered as a Goddess of wealth in Hindu mythology, brings the same impact with the Yoga of her name. According to astrology, days and nights are divided into 12 signs, and every living being is born under one of them. Each sign has its specific impacts. There are nine goddesses associated with these planets. Similarly, there are nine avatars of Goddess Lakshmi, one associated with each planet. All the nine avatars of Lakshmi are worshipped.
SURYA (Sun) Lakshmi: Positive impact is plenty of wealth by genuine means, while negative impact includes wealth procured in a dishonest way.
CHANDRA (Moon) Lakshmi: Positive effect is good health, while negative influence includes ill-health
MANGAL (Mars) Lakshmi: If the planet favours you, success will come easy, and if you are not blessed, you may be overwhelmed by a string of collapses.
BUDDHA (Mercury) Lakshmi: With the help of Mercury, you can achieve gold medals in school and college; otherwise, you will have to be satisfied with just a consolatory result.
GURU (Jupiter) Lakshmi: Blessings of Jupiter include begetting well-mannered children. However, if Jupiter is angry at you, you may have children with no virtues.
SHUKRA (Venus) Lakshmi: If you want a good wife, worship Venus; but the evil eye of Venus may give you just the opposite – a wicked wife.
SHANI (Saturn) Lakshmi: Positive impact brings plenty of wealth earned by genuine means, while negative impact includes wealth procured in dishonest ways.
RAHU Lakshmi: If Rahu smiles at you, you will have good friends; but a single venomous glance from Rahu can spoil your life as you will be surrounded by liars and cheats.
KETU Lakshmi: A humble Ketu can give you fame, while a cruel one can bring blasphemy.
MANTRA: ”Om Hreem Ashtalakshmeya Daridraya Vinashini Sarvasukha Smruddhi Dehi Dehi Hreem Om Namah!!”
Lakshmi Mantra associated with each Rashi:
Aries: Om Aem Kleem Saun
Taurus: Om Aem Kleem Shri
Gemini: Om Kleem Aem Saun
Cancer: Om Aem Kleem Shri
Leo: Om Hreem Shreem Saun
Virgo: Om Shree Aem Om
Libra: Om Hreem Kleem Shree
Scorpio: Om Aem Kleem Saun
Sagittarius: Om Hreem Kleem Saun
Capricorn: Om Aem Kleem Hreem Shree Saun
Aquarius: Om Hreem Aem Kleem Shree
Pisces: Om Hreem Kleem Saun
By Ganesha’s Grace.
Hara Hara Mahadeva
(Lakshmi: unedited folder)
by Yogi Ananda Saraswathi
LAKSMI YOGA . From an astrological point of view, Dhana Yoga or Laxmi Yoga are said to decide your financial and social standing. This yoga provides a person with wealth and fame. Lakshmi, which is considered as a Goddess of wealth in Hindu mythology, brings the same impact with the Yoga of her name.
The presence of Lakshmi Yoga in a person's Rashi results in making the native rich, wealthy, affluent and prosperous with lot of fortune, material treasures and pleasures in life. The native as an impact of Lakshmi Yoga in his Rashi also becomes charming, attractive, proficient, gracious, righteous, erudite, well known, and someone with a high social status and a ruler like traits. The children of such person also develop to be highly intense and brilliant.
Lakshmi Yoga is said to occur when the ruler of the ascendant or Lagna is strongly disposed, and the ruler of the ninth house is lying in its own sign, or in an exaltation sign or in a Trikona, residing in a cardinal house; this planetary combination leads to the formation of Lakshmi Yoga in a Rashi.
“ Lakshmi Yoga indicates Fortune and Prosperity. Since Lakshmi, the consort of Vishnu, is the Goddess presiding over all wealth and fortune. A Stanza in the Phala Deepika would say that if the lord of 9 and Shukra or Venus, the karaka for Sankha-Nidhi and all worldly bhoga bhogya, enjoyment, associate, it would constitute Lakshmi Yoga. But, though this view sounds quite plausible, as lord of 9 denotes Fortune, and Venus is the great and brilliant wealth or fortune giver, it is not quite correct and has to be discarded in the light of actual experience.
The reason is not far to seek; for Venus, though a natural benefic may be a deadly malefic, say, when he is lord of 3 and 8 as for Meena Lagna. I suppose nobody would kiss and fondle a Krishna Sarpa (Cobra) for its beauty; even so none would adore beautiful Venus when all her beauty is turned to venom on account of bad lordship of 6 or 8 which lordship or “Adhipatya” is even far more significant in results than “karakathwam” in Astrology.
The correct and real Lakshmi Yoga is on the other hand, formed by the combination of the lords of Lagna and the 9th. For Jataka Parijata says “If in kendra or trikona, the Bhagesa or the lord of 9th is strong in Parama-ooccha etc., and if Lagnadhipa is also strong, Lakshmi Yoga occurs.”
Such Lakshmi Yoga, due to the association of Lagnadhipathy and Bhagyadhipati is, in my opinion, as efficacious and powerful as a 9 and 10 combination. In a sense, it is even better. For, whereas the 9 and 10 combination may fail either altogether or fail to be lasting and enduring in its Raja Yoga effects, due to Lagna or Lagnadhipati having nothing to do with it in a particular case, the 1 and 9 combination is a great protector, indicating divine grace to the person throughout life; only, the combination must be strong and in good places, and the lord of 9 must preferably be a benefic by nature also like Guru or Sukra for results. For Lagna denotes Varthaman or the present among the trines and 9 like Jupiter denotes “Divine Favour”. As I have already indicated sufficiently 9 denoting the Poorva-punya of a person is perhaps the most auspicious of all the Bhavas.
The 1 and 9 combination is very beneficial and give what may be called “personal magnetism” to a native. Even in a case where the lord of 10 is ill-placed and unredeemed, if there is proper 1 and 9 combination the person commands respect even from well-placed people and bosses despite his not having a good job. A Lakshmi Yoga person will never be wholly in want and will never feel the extreme pinch of poverty whatever the other evil combinations in the chart. At its best it is a grand Yoga making for enormous wealth and great and wide spread fame” states the more knowledgeable Sri R. Lakshman.
Hara Hara Mahadeva.
(draft Lakshmi Yoga and Tantra)
By Yogi Ananda Saraswathi... from his decades of sadhana..
SARASWATHI YOGA in VEDIC ASTROLOGY:
Lord Chandra, blesses is he, is married to 27 Nakshatras or constellations. ‘Naksha’ mean approach and ‘tra’ mean guard. According to Hindu Jyotisha, Lunar Mansions or divisions in the sky are identified by the prominent stars. The list of Nakshatras is found in the Vedic texts referred to in Atharva Veda 19.7, Taittiriya Samhita. Another list is found in Shatapatha Brahmana. The first astronomy text that lists them is the Vedanga Jyotisha of Lagadha.
According to Hindu mythology, Nakshastras were created by Daksha. Twenty-seven of them are personified as Daksha’s daughters. They are also minor deities in their own right. All of them end up as mythological wives of Chandra, the Moon God. There are various versions of the Nakshatra origins and one states that they are the daughters of Kashyapa, the brother of Daksha..
YOGA OF PLANETS: Each of the nakshatras is governed as Lord by one of the nine graha in the following sequence. The are: Ketu - South Lunar Node, Shukra - Venus, Ravi or Surya - Sun, Chandra - Moon, Mangala - Mars, Rahu - North Lunar Node, Guru or Brihaspati - Jupiter, Shani - Saturn and Budha - Mercury. This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 Nakshatras.
Each one of them covers thirteen degrees and twenty minutes of the zodiac. Each Nakshatra is the head of a particular group of stars. Zodiac is divided into 27 Nakshatra zones. Therefore, while traversing the zodiac, the Moon has to pass through one of the Nakshatra. The Lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the Dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual.
TRIKONA: Hindu Vedic astrology is based on Twelve Signs, Twelve Houses, Twenty Seven Nakshatras and Nine Planets. Thousands of different Yogas are formed depending on the position of planets. The twelve houses in a Kundali are known by various different names. The first house is known as Tanu Bhav, the second as Dan bhav, the third is known as Sahaj bhav and the fourth is known as Sukh Bhav.
The first house is believed to be Trikon. It is also considered to be Kendra. Thus, it is not so strong. The fifth house is the second Trikon house. This house is stronger than the first one. The ninth house is the third Trikon house and is stronger than the other two Trikon houses.
SARASWATHI YOGA: Mother Saraswathi is the Divine Goddess of Learning in Indian mythology. Yoga with the same name makes a positive impact in respect to that on its native. Saraswathi Yoga in Hindu Vedic astrology, is related to education, development of the intellect. Mother is Goddess of Education Wisdom, Hence a person with this Yoga is blessed by Mother Saraswathi. This yoga enhances a person’s intelligence.
In Vedic strology, Saraswathi Yoga is said to occur when the planets Jupiter, Mercury and Venus are strong and are positioned either individually or in combination with each other in a Kendra house i.e. first, fourth, seventh or tenth house, or in a Trikona, that is first, fifth or ninth house or in the second house, with the Jupiter placed in his own sign or in its exaltation sign or in its friendly sign; this planetary combination leads to the formation of Saraswati Yoga in a Rashi.
It is claimed by Hindu astrology that the presence of Saraswathi Yoga in a person's Rashi results in making the native intelligent, clever, knowledgeable and skillful. One with this Rashi is under the influence of this Yoga is erudite with all forms of sciences, and holds gifted ability in music, writing and speaking. It is also believed that writers, speakers, speech writers, poets and those involved in the literary world have this Yoga in their Rashi. Apparently, his or her wealth is a result of skills that emanate fro Saraswathi Yoga.
Hara Hara Mahadeva
(draft Saraswathi Yoga Notes)
by Yogi Ananda Saraswathi
Bharani Nakshatra... ruled by Venus.. the photo is from the spacecraft Casini of Venus Transitting the Sun as taken from Saturn
BHARANI NAKSHATRA: by Yogi Ananda Saraswathi
Bharani is approximately translated as ‘She who bears’. It is a reference primarily to the femine side of nature and capacity to receive, hold, nurture and destroy. Bharani carries all these attributes. It is the second nakshatra in the constellation of 27 nakshatras.
Shukra, the planet Venus is he lord of this nakshatra. Bharani is seen as being under the domain of Lord Yama, God of Death or Goddess Kali. Yama is almost seen as the Lord of Dharma. When seen in the light of this fact, it is Yama’s duty to assign the life paths for the souls who have their earthly bodies, it becomes clear that he has to be well versed in the laws of Karma and Dharma.
If Bharani can be summarised in one word, then the essential nature and functioning of Bharani is ‘extreme’. Bharani natives are often strong characters who can understand the many turbulences which life has to offer. They do get down and moan and cry like infants sometimes, but nothing holds them down for too long.
The symbol of Bharani is the Yoni, a representation of the female sexual organ and feminine energy. People are influenced by their poised and caring approach. They give prime importance to love. The natives of Bharani form special relationships with opposite sex. They give prime importance to love. They are evergreen lovers.
This nakshatra is classified as a Cruel or Active nakshatra, meaning that, under electional astrological beliefs, works of a harmful or deceptive nature are best conducted while the moon is Bharani. A special trait of their character is that they cannot survive under domination. They have their own principles and don’t let an ear for advice and suggestion from their relatives even.
They are often seen to undergo huge transformations and radical changes throughout their lives. And all Bharani natives have a creative urge inside them. With their strong sense of adventure, it is seen that they can achieve their goals if they are under constant guidance from a more mature and wiser source.
The head and botton parts of the feet are related to Bharani nakshatra. Syllables attributed to this nakshatra are li,lu,le and lo according to the pada-quater of a nakshatra the moon was in at the time of birth.
VATAARANYAESRARAR TEMPLE: People's whose Birth star sign is Bharani Nakshatra are traditionally advised to visit Vataaranyaeswarar Temple at Thiruvalangadu in Tamil Nadu. Lord Siva manifests as Lord Vataaranyaeswarar. The resident mother deity is Manonmani Ammai. One is also advised to spend quality time in the temple. It is best to visit the Temple in your Birth star or Nakshatra i.e visit the temple in Bharani Nakshatra.
Thiruvalangadu is one of the 5 Sabai’s where Lord Shiva has performed his cosmic dances.This place is called the Rathina Sabai or Gem Court. The other Sabai’s are as follows: Chidambaram (Sky) - Kanaga sabai, Thiruvalangadu ( Gems ) - Rathina sabai, Thirukkutralam ( Art ) - Chitra sabai, Thirunelveli (Copper ) - Tamira sabai and Madurai ( Silver ) - Rajatha sabai
MYTHOLOGY: There was a domestic debate between Shiva and Kali as to debate on who is the best dancer. This thing goes on in the Kailash household just like what happens here. And the next day they make it. To conclude and make a decision a competition was arranged. This was witnessed by all the God’s and Goddess including sages. The dance performance started and each had their turn to demonstrate their talent and non are less competent.
During the tandava, Shiva’s ear ring falls down and in order to avoid any hindrance to the performance he uses his right leg to pick the ear ring wears it his ear. This is one version. Another version states that Shiva purposely lifted His leg to expose his genitals and manhood in direct challenge to Kali. This is depicted in temple sculptures also. Kali being women cannot raise her legs that high in front of crowd and thus gets defeated. Again, another version states She graciously did not want to challenge the husband’s manhood. Hence she is in his temple in her dancing pose.
Hara Hara Mahadeva.
by Yogi Ananda Saraswathi
THE HINDU ALMANAC
PANCHANGA: Time is conceived as an unending flow that moves in great cycles. Atharva Veda 19.54 states: "Time creates the sky and the earth. Time creates that past and the future. By Time the sun burns, through Time all beings exist, in Time the eyes see. Time is the lord of all." This expresses the importance of time in Hindu culture.
In the Matsya Purana, time is referred to as ‘waters of time’. We know that waters move in a peaceful way, sometimes they move in great and chaotic way. Sometimes they are torrential. This movements are indicative of celestial time. The movements of the sun and the moon indicate time. Movement of other celestial bodies are also the indication of this flow of time. The passage of the sun across the atoms on this earth creates the reckoning of time: The Bhagavata Purana.
HINDU CALENDER: The name for the Hindu calendar is a panchanga. It is the record of times. Along with other information, a panchanga especially records the movements of the sun and the moon. Traditionally no religious festival, family event, or even a civic affair is performed without first consulting a panchanga to know the favorable movements of these celestial bodies and flow of time.
In Sanskrit the word "panchanga" is made of two parts: pancha and anga. Pancha means five and anga means a part. Anga can also mean limb. The panchanga therefore constitutes five components: 1. Thithi – lunar day; 2. Vara – week; 3.Nakshatra – lunar mansion; 4. Yoga – luni-solar day and 5. Karana – half lunar day.
MEASURING THE SKY ‘A stone’s thrown away’ relates to distance and walking time. We calculate distance in miles or kilometers. Distance between two towns are marked in a road map by using km or miles. Astronomers measure the celestial sky by using degrees to show the distance between celestial objects. They do that by using the 360o of a circle. Ordinary people sometimes use the hand technique to approximately measure the sky. Ancient astronomers have also used this technique for thousands of years to make approximate measurements of the sky. This was how a common constellation was used to measure the separation between each star.
MOON: As we begin to discuss the five elements of the Hindu almanac it is important to recognize the importance of the moon in Hindu culture. The basic calendar is primarily a lunar calendar. The lunar day, called a tithi, is all important in selecting a favorable time to begin a certain task. A person's name is often derived from the lunar position in the heavens called a naksatra. The reason for this is simple. In Hindu astrology the moon rules the mind.
TITHI - LUNAR DAY Tithi or thithi is the lunar date. A lunar calendar is based on the moon’s rotation around the Earth. Just as the sun rises everyday in the east and sets in the west and we call the time between one sunrise and the next a "day," so the moon also rises in the east and sets everyday in the west and the time between one moonrise and the next is called a "lunar day." The Sanskrit word for this lunar day is tithi.
Thithi is a measurement of 120 of longitudinal separation between the sun and the moon. It is calculated by taking time as the longtitudinal 12o angle between the moon and the sun to increase by Each lunar month consists 30 thithi. Their starting of time and its duration vary.
SUKLA PAKSA: There are 30 such lunar days in a lunar month and they are sequentially numbered starting from the new moon as well as the full moon. Thus, in the moon’s waxing phase, the first lunar day is called new moon or AMAVASYA. Here the sun and moon are separated by zero degrees. As they begin to separate the first thithi begins when the sun and the moon are separated by 120. The next lunar day is called the second tithi when the sun and the moon have separated by 240 degrees. When they are separated by 36o, the third thithi begins. This continues to the 14th lunar day until the sun and the moon have separated 180o and the moon is fully and clearly visible. The day after the 14th day is called the full moon day or PURNIMA. It is also called POWRNAMI in Tamil. The first 15 thithis are waxing phases of the moon. In Sanskrit this is called the SUKLA PAKSA. In Tamil is is called VALAR PIRAI; ‘valar’ means ‘growing’ or developing and ‘pirai’ refers to partial moon or the bright side of the lunar month.
KRSNA PAKSA: The numbering sequence starts all over again after Sukla paksa. These are the waning phases of the moon. Here the thithi begins again counting from one as the longitudinal separation between sun and the moon decreasing back to Oo. This is the dark side of the lunar month. Sometimes the sun and moon can both be seen at the same time. In the olden days people used the hand method to measure the longitudinal separation between the sun and the moon. In Tamil, this phase is called ‘THEI PIRAI’ where ‘thei’ indicates ‘decreasing’ or waning.
MASA: Masa means lunar month. In Tamil it is ‘masam’ or maatham. The day after the full moon is the first tithi, the next day is the second tithi, and so on. The important difference being that the second set of tithis belong to the waning phase of the moon while the first set belongs to the waxing phase. This cycle keeps repeating. The masa therefore is the cycle of thirty thithis making up a lunar month. In addition the five elements of the traditional Hindu almanac, the Masa is also taken into account in astrology. The Hindu year contains twelve lunar months named after the nakshatra in which the moon is full:
Chaitra (March - April)
Vaishakha (April - May)
Jyaishtha (May - June)
Ashadha (June - July)
Shravana (July - August)
Bhadrapada (August - September)
Asvina (September - October)
Karttika (October - November)
Margasirsha (November - December)
Pausha (December - January)
Magha (January - February)
Phalguna (February - March)
VARIATIONS: In Hindu lunar calendar, there is geographical variation also. In some areas the lunar month begins from the full moon whereas other parts begin the month from the new moon. Notwithstanding for all instant and purposes of religious festivities, it is this lunar almanac that is relied upon. The difference between the modern solar calendar day and the Hindu lunar day causes confusion. In the solar calendar, the solar day begins at midnight. The lunar thithi, on the other hand begins at anytime of the solar day.
There seems to be a compromise here. For practical purposes, the thithi that is current at sunrise is taken to be the prevailing tithi for the day. This compromise purports that the thithi begins just after sunrise and end before the sunrise of the next day. This compromise is also possible because thithis can last between 19 to 26 hours due to the changing speed of the earth and moon in their orbits. However these factors also cause confusion between the Hindu lunar calendar and the modern solar calendar.
From the astrological perspective, auspiciousness of a particular day depends on the thithi. Generally sukla paksha thithis are considered positive days as they refer to the bright side or the ‘growing’ moon. That symbolically suggests increase. The beginning of any enterprise or business, bridal visits, marriages, house warming or conducting any religious ceremony is considered to be auspicious if done on these days. Even religious festivals are named after thithis. During the Hindu year, as in all religions, there are many religious days and nights that celebrate a particular Deity or religious event. These times are called festival days, utsavas.
Krishna paksha thithis are normally avoided for auspicious functions. Usually ancestor worship or ‘sriatha’ are held during this paksha. However there are exceptions to this general rule as the astrological charts of the candidates involved may favour a particular event. There are also religious days that fall during this paksha.
AMAVASYA: The 8th and 14th thithis, amavasya are also considered inauspicious. This is the same with the 1st thithi of the sukla paksa. Here again there are exceptions to the general rule. Those doing sraddha functions or post funeral rites prefer the lunar dark phase.
BARHMA MUHURTA: There is a general practice nowadays to conduct weddings during BRAHMA-MUHURTA as it is considered to be auspicious part of the day. This is the time early in the morning, one and a half hours before sunrise. During this brahma-muhurta, spiritual activities are also recommended. It is during these hours that spiritual activities performed early in the morning have a greater effect than in any other part of the day: Bhagavata Purana 3.20.46. Brahma muhurta goes hand in hand with surya namashkar.
VARA: Vara means week. In Tamil it is ‘varam’. It is the second element of the Hindu almanac,the panchanga. vara. In Sanskrit the days of the week are clearly named after seven of the nine major astrological influences used in Hindu astrology. This is connected the Nava Grahas. (posted earlier). The days in a week have astrological connotations. They are named after these celestial bodies because the influence of that celestial body is said to be prominent on that day.
RAVI VARA - Sunday, relating to the sun
SOMA VARA - Monday, relating to the moon
MANGALA VARA - Tuesday, relating to Mars
BUDHA VARA - Wednesday, relating to Mercury
GURU VARA - Thursday, relating to Jupiter
SHUKRA VARA - Friday, relating to Venus
SHANI VARA - Saturday, relating to Saturn
NAKSHATRA - LUNAR MANSION Nakshatra is the third element. It refers to the lunar mansion. In vedic language, naksatra refers to any heavenly body or to the stars collectively is first mentioned in the Atharvaveda. The nakshatras of traditional Hindu astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda 19.7. This is also mentioned in the Shatapatha Brahmana. The first astronomical text listing out the nakshatras is the Vedanga Jyotisha. Nakshatra refers to lunar mansion in Hindu astrology. Each nakshatra is one of the twenty seven (sometimes taken as 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Each of their names relate to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatras eastwards starting from a point called Meshadi.
The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month. The modern value of this is 27.32 days. Each nakshatra is governed as ‘lord’ by one of the nine grahas. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the ‘dasha’, which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology.
Their sequence is as follows: Ketu - South Lunar Node, Shukra –Venus, Ravi or Surya -Sun, Chandra - Moon, Mangala - Mars, Rahu - North Lunar Node, Guru or Brihaspati -Jupiter, Shani - Saturn and Budha -Mercury. This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras.
Like thithi, nakshatra is also important in Hindu culture. Traditionally, one traces the nakshtra of a new born baby. His character and future is predicted by astrologers based on the nakshatra. In fact many babies names are based on the nakshatra. This is based on the belief that a person’s existence is tied by the movements of the planets. A person’s nakshtra is normally mentioned during sankalpa, meaning the opening statement during puja. Nakshtra also determines the compatibility of prospective marriage couple.
RASI: This system of 27 naksatra was the original Hindu way of dividing the 360 degrees of the solar ecliptic. The system of the twelve signs of the zodiac, in Sanskrit called ‘RASI’, was a later addition to Hindu astronomy.
The list of the 27 nakshatras are:
CONSTELLATIONS: The 27 nakshatras constitute group "types." Some are ‘fixed’ and some are ‘movable’. The fixed constellations are: Rohini, Uttara Bhadrapada, Uttra Phaluni and Uttara Ashada. The movable constellations are: Punarvasu, Swaati, Sharavana, Shatabhisha and Shravishtha. The ‘cruel’ constellations are Magha, Bharani, Purva Phalguni, Purva Shadha and Purva Bhadra. The mixed constellations are Vishakha and Krittika. These groupings too determine the auspiciousness of beginning a certain activity of event.
YOGA AND KARANA These are important to astrologers. They refer to Yoga -Luni-solar year and Karana - half lunar year. Having to do with the relationship between the sun and moon, this aspect of the Hindu almanac is technical in nature. The Yoga is the period during which the combined longitudinal motion of the sun and moon amounts to 13 degrees and 20 minutes. There are 27 yogas.
Karana can be considered to be the final aspect of the Hindu almanac. Karana is calculated to be 6o of longitudinal separation between the sun and moon. Karana is half a thithi, so one thithi makes up of two Karanas. Eleven karanas rotate through the 30 thithis that make up the lunar month.
The Panchanga is a technical subject. Indeed it is a science that calls for specific knowledge. These notes are put together to formulate some basic information on the subject. Om
Om Rang Rahuvae Namaha / I don't know what you are feeling but if intensity is the word it is because Rahu the head of the snake, a shadow Graha who does not own any land is at 0 27 right on the border between Scorpio and Libra always traveling slowly backwards.. if you feel like you are waiting at a border crossing into an intense country perhaps Somalia or Pakistan and you do not know what will happen because you have no land to stand on, no ground underneath you... if the fear rises and falls.. this is where we are at in this very moment as Rahu crosses a delicate point into Libra joining an exalted Lord Shani... interesting times ahead for anybody running Rahu or Saturn period, many changes to come some may be sudden or if you have planets associated with them you may be dragged into the mix whether you want to or not.... Karma's are being downloaded now..do you feel it? Do you see that head Kali holds.... yes Rahu she may also be the only one who can control Rahu...but only the brave will go to Her.. Jai Maa
by Trishula Das
Footnote: this is a very sad day as the horrific shooting of some 20 children and 7 adults have been shoot in Connecticut shocking, sad, horrific... hard to even comprehend how this can happen. I found out about the shootings after I wrote this... Prayers to the children and their families a huge tragedy.. these were little kids.
Jyotisha: we begin with offering our respect to Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles and the Lord of Categories may he Bless us!! Jai Ganesha Deva !!
- Babu Kishan
- Baul of Bengal
- Goddess Vidya BLOG
- Mystic Journey to India
- Jyotisha BLOG
- Goddess Vidya
- Goddess Vidya Gallery
- Goddess Vidya Yoga
- Bhakti Masala BLOG
- Reading List
- Contact Trishula
- Temples Of India BLOG
- Tantra of Sound Healing in Indian Music
- Ayurveda & Health Blog
- Joy Maa Yoga Blog
- BHAVA Project
- New Page